This paper concerns readings of theories of race and racism in an Administration of Justice, Criminal Justice race, gender, and Class course. This paper should be a critical review of each submitted articles. The paper must not contain plagiarism. It must be on point. Read the introduction for Part Two “Sociology, Race and Social Theory” from Les Back and John Solomos to understand what the articles focus on. This should be the construct. Narrow Down Your Topic. Many good ideas are wasted because students have a hard time focusing on a narrow enough topic. If your topic is way too broad, try homing in on some part of that topic, and exploring that area in more depth. If cloning is too broad for a five-page paper, what about cloning Elvis? On the other hand, don’t turn in fifteen pages on cloning Elvis. Fit the idea to the space provided, and be concise. I’d much rather have a paper that says a lot about a little, than a paper that says a little about a lot. Keep your focus clear throughout. Otherwise, those interesting related issues you delved into might end up looking like window dressing, added only to bring the paper up to its required minimum length. Profs see enough fluff that they generally smell it a mile away. Kind of like a sixth sense, or a really obscure super power. In your first draft, say what you have to say, then punch it up or trim it down as need be. Where’s the Beef? Each page of your paper should have around 1-2 references per page, as a general rule of thumb. So figure for four pages, about 6-8 references and so on. Many papers may have more than that, but if yours has less, you probably skimped in the endless hours in the library department. Balance Your Sources. Students are allowed to include other scholarly materials in their presentations; however, the core parts of the assigned articles shall be prominent in the reviews. The reviews must be word- processed, double- spaced, justified, and include basic information about the articles (title, author). Where reference citations are used, these must be fully and properly referenced using the APA referencing style. In this case, focus on the articles and the references that were utilized for them. Neatness Does Count – Spelling, and grammar will be considered in grading your paper. The point of writing papers is to teach you to organize your thoughts, and express them in a clear and coherent fashion, in the proper style. Be sure to insert page numbers, and check for “widows and orphans, lines stranded at the top or bottom of the page. Every word processor has a spelling checker. Use it on your final draft! Write From The Heart. Your paper (for better or worse) should be a reflection of yourself. If your topic is important enough to you to spend all that time researching and writing about, let your feelings show. Anybody can throw together a pile of photocopied articles and piece a paper together from their spare parts. Make this a labor of love. Well OK, sincere affection. Whatever. Try to get into it, you have to endure the process in any event. Your opinions are important too (surprise!). In some respects, your opinions are the most important part of the paper. If you don’t genuinely care about your topic, you’re going to have a hard time getting me excited about it when I have to sit down and read your paper. It doesn’t mean a thing if it ain’t got that swing. The paper must be in 12 fonts, Times New Roman. Each chapter It must consist of 4 pages, references, and no cover page. There should be NO RUNNING HEAD. There should be no less than 7 references. No plagiarism. This is a paper that should be in APA style and each page around 1-2 references per page, as a general rule of thumb. So figure for 4 pages for each submitted paper, about 7 references for each paper and so on. A place for the name should be at the upper left-hand corner. The next line should be for the date. The pages should be numbered. There are 3 articles that are submitted in which the articles should address what the author is saying in regard to race in layman’s terms as it was written then and how it is understood today. (Example: Old and New Identities, Old and New Ethnicities by author Stuart Hall (the author and the title should be in the first line of the beginning of the sentence and title should be italicized), should be about 1 page and ½ and the first 3 lines should be the “meat and potatoes” of the article. Ensure to address and answer within this paper the key question “Stuart Hall argues that in contemporary societies we are seeing the development of new ethnicities that cannot be grounded in a set of fixed trans-cultural or transcendental racial categories. How does this argument help us to understand the changing patterns of race and ethnic relations in today’s world?” The next article Beyond Black by author Claire Alexander (the author and the title should be in the first line of the beginning of the sentence and title should be italicized) should be about 1 page and ½ and the first 3 lines should be the “meat and potatoes” of the article. Ensure to address and answer within the article the key question “What does Claire Alexander mean when she says that ‘we need to take difference seriously’? Discuss this argument in relation to specific examples.” The next article Racial Knowledge by David Theo Goldberg (the author and the title should be in the first line of the beginning of the sentence and title should be italicized), should be about one page and ½ and the first 3 lines should be the “meat and potatoes” of the article. Ensure to address and answer within the article the key question “David Goldberg argues that racial identities have become increasingly ambivalent and ambiguous and that they need to be contextualized in terms of time and space. How would you utilize this argument to analyze the changing forms of racial identity in contemporary societies?
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